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Intercrops & Animal Husbandry

Coconut is a perennial crop which use only 25% of the soil. It’s root system is spreaded horizontally 2m radius from the base of the palm and vertically the greatest concentration of roots is in the top meter of the soil. Therefore, there is great potential for growing other crops which is called intercrops under coconut plantations.
It is obvious that, as a monocrop coconut is a poor use of land.Growing other crops under coconut (Intercropping or Multi Cropping) and rasing livestock not only intensifies land use but also bring in additional income.There are several agronomic, ecological and socio-economic considerations associated with intercropping under coconut.The coconut palms requires a continuous supply of water. Therefore, it is recommended to practice intercrops areas where there is no moisture stress.

 
                                                                                                                        Coconut plants

General guidelines for inter-cropping

  • There should be adequate sunlight available for inter-crops.
  • Ensure that there will be no competition between coconut and other crops for moisture.
  • Ensure that both crops (Coconut and intercrop) should be receive adequate fertilizer.
  • Soil should not have been degraded different crops require different soil types. Always correct crop should be chosen. In most cases failure of intercropping is due to the wrong choice of the intercrop.

Factors to be considered when selecting a intercrop.

  • Agro climatic zone, wet zone, intermediate zone or dry zone.
  • Age of the coconut plantation generally intercrops can be grown during the first five years of plantation and then from 25 years. During the period of 5-25 years, sunlight is inadequate for most crops.
  • Marketability of the area.
  • Planting material availability.
                                                                                                                        Inter cropping 01 

Intercrops & Animal Husbandry

Coconut is a perennial crop which use only 25% of the soil. It’s root system is spreaded horizontally 2m radius from the base of the palm and vertically the greatest concentration of roots is in the top meter of the soil. Therefore, there is great potential for growing other crops which is called intercrops under coconut plantations.
It is obvious that, as a monocrop coconut is a poor use of land.Growing other crops under coconut (Intercropping or Multi Cropping) and rasing livestock not only intensifies land use but also bring in additional income.There are several agronomic, ecological and socio-economic considerations associated with intercropping under coconut.The coconut palms requires a continuous supply of water. Therefore, it is recommended to practice intercrops areas where there is no moisture stress.

 

Agronomic and socio-economic advantages of intercropping

  • Increase the land use efficiency.
  • Improve soil fertility by building up organic matter.
  • Reduce soil erosion and temperature.
  • Provide additional income.
  • Reduce the risk and uncertainty in agriculture.
  • Increase employment opportunities.
  • Provide micro environment for early bearing of coconut.
Duration Annual Semi Perennial Perennial
0 - 5 years Ginger, Turmeric, Cereals and Pulses, (Yams & Tubers), (Sweet Potato, Colocasia, Innala), Chillies and Vegetables Pineapple, Passion fruit, Banana and Papaya
25 - 45 years Yams & Tubers, Ginger and Turmeric Cocoa, Coffee, Pepper, Clove Nutmeg, Cardamom, Pasture and Fodder
45 - 60 years Yams & Tubers (Cassava, colocasia), (Innala, Sweet potato), Cereals and Pulses, Chillies and Vegetables Pineapple, Banana, Passion fruit and Papaya Cinnamon, Citrus, Pasture, Cashew and Betel

Nutmeg / Coconut Intercrop Model

Nutmeg - Coconut Intercrop Model

Rabutan / Coconut Intercrop Model

Arricanut - Coconut Intercrop Model

Arricanut / Coconut Intercrop Model

Arricanut - Coconut Intercrop Model

Papaya / Coconut Intercrop Model

Papaya - Coconut Intercrop Model

Passion fruit / Coconut Intercrop Model



Passion fruit - Coconut Intercrop Model

Banana / Coconut Intercrop Model (Double Raw System)

Banana - Coconut Intercrop Model

Cocoa / Coconut Intercrop Model (Double Raw System)

Cocoa - Coconut Intercrop Model

Pineapple / Coconut Intercrop Model (Double Raw System)

Pineapple - Coconut Intercrop Model

Pineapple / Coconut Intercrop Model (Triple Raw System)

Pineapple - Coconut Intercrop Model

Benefits of animal husbandry in coconut lands.

  • Maximum land utilization.
  • Organic manure for coconut palm.
  • Additional income.
  • Facilitate the integrated farming systems which related to crop and animal integration.
Animal husbandry 03